Granada

When Ibn Battuta visited Granada, the city was still under Muslim control. The city came under Muslim control in 713 CE. In 1013, the Ziries Dynasty broke off from Morocco and created their own kingdom. They were in power for two centuries, then was taken over by the Nazari Dynasty in 1238. Under this dynasty, the Granada Kingdom expanded into Granada, Malaga, and Almaria [1]. The Nazari Dynasty was also when the beautiful Alhambra palace was created. The Alhambra is still standing today, and it is a wonderful depiction of Islamic architecture. The Nazari Dynasty stayed in power until they were driven out in 1492 by Ferdinand and Isabella (they were the king and queen that sent Christopher Columbus to the New World). After this, Spain and consequently, Granada, became a Christian country. In 1568, the Moroccans of Spain tried to rebel against the government, but the rebellion was put down and the Arabs were expelled from Granada [2].

Ibn Battuta travelled through southern Spain for a brief period before he arrived in Granada, and he says that there is no city in the world that was as beautiful as Granada. He noted the Alhambra, and its beauty; as well as, the Fountain of Tears which is a mountain with orchards and meadows. He says that he could not meet the sultan, but his generous mother gave home gold dinars. He was very impressed with the city. After he left Granada, he moved on to western Africa.

The Alhambra is still standing in Spain, and receives numerous visitors per year. Spain is now mostly Roman Catholic; however, there are still small populations of Muslims. Spain has recently had some tough financial times, but the country is recovering. The population of Granada is around 300,000 people, and it is a smaller city in Spain.

 

 

Sources:

[1 and 2] Spanish Town Guides, “History of Granada.” Accessed August 8, 2012. http://www.spanish-town-guides.com/Granada_History.htm